With a total area of 968 square kilometres, Bardiya National Park is the biggest national park in the lowland Terai of Nepal. The Western Terai of Nepal is home to the park, which was created to preserve the habitat of the tiger and its prey species as well as to safeguard the representative ecosystems. The Karnali Wildlife Reserve was initially gazetted in 1976 for a small area. In order to allow the plants and wildlife to flourish, settlements were moved at that time and placed outside the park.
The Bardiya Wildlife Reserve was given that designation in 1982. To try to reduce subsistence poaching by the neighbourhood communities inside the park, a buffer zone and a community forest were created surrounding it. The many habitats inside the park have considerably improved without as much human influence. Due to Bardia's relative isolation, tourism has had less of an impact on the park. Despite recent improvements in accessibility, visitor numbers are still substantially lower than those of Chitwan, Nepal's most well-known park.
In the east, the park is bounded by the Ratna Highway (the Nepalgunj-Surkhet route). The eastern branch of the Karnali river system, the Geruwa River, constitutes the park's western border. The park's northern limit is defined by the crest of the Churia range, and its southern perimeter is bordered by farmland, villages, a forest buffer zone, and a section of the East-West Highway.
Visitors can have a fantastic wilderness experience in the park. Tourists are drawn to the park's distinctive flora, animals, and scenery as well as the unique cultures of the villages in the buffer zone. The number of visitors to the park has dramatically increased in recent days.
Bardiya National Park is home to 642 species of mammals, 407 species of resident and migratory birds, 125 species of fish, and 839 different types of plants, with over 70% of the park consisting of a balanced mixture of grassland, savannah, and riverine woodland. The one-horned rhino, Gangetic dolphin, swamp deer, wild elephant, and blackbuck are just a few of the endangered species that may be found in the protected area. The majestic Bengal Tigers can be found in Bardia National Park together with these uncommon creatures.
The climate of this part of Nepal is usually warm and has three distinctive seasons. October to March is moderately dry with warm days and cool nights; in April–May the temperature rises up to 45 degrees Celsius, which is the best time to visit for a tiger encounter since the big cats come out for river water in this extra dry season; and June–September is the monsoon in this sub-tropical zone.
Daily buses run from Kathmandu to Thakurdwara, the headquarters of Badia National Park. It takes around 15-16 hours to reach Thakurdwara from Kathmandu by bus. There are also daily flights to Nepalgunj from Kathmandu if you want to avoid a long ride. From Nepalgunj, buses are available to Thakurdwara, which takes around 3-4 hours. A private van can also be arranged for a more luxurious and quick ride. By taking an internal flight from Kathmandu to Nepalgunj, you may cut the lengthy bus trip. It is within one to two hours' reach from Kathmandu city.
The best time to visit is in the morning and afternoon when the elephants have returned from grazing in the park. With regard to weather, mid-September through mid-December and mid-February through mid-June are the best times to visit Bardiya National Park when it's dry outside. The largest celebrations in Nepal, such as Dashain and Tihar, may be experienced around October and November, which are my favourite months to visit the nation. Right before the monsoon arrives, in the middle of the dry season, is when you have the best chance of seeing tigers. May or early June would be the time frame.
Thakurdwara, the settlement closest to the park's entry, is home to the majority of hotels and Eco lodges. Do not believe anyone who says you will be staying inside the park because this is not permitted and there is no accommodation there. The accommodations are straightforward but cosy made by the locals using locally accessible resources and craftsmanship. Accommodation is also possible out of the national parks in the hotels and lodges.
Based on their own acknowledgement, the indigenous Tharu claim themselves to be forest dwellers. Long fallow shifting farming has been a way of life for them to survive in the woodlands for centuries. In addition to cultivating rice, mustard, corn, and lentils, they also hunt deer, rabbits, and wild boar, as well as go fishing in rivers and oxbow lakes, and they gather forest items including wild fruits, vegetables, medicinal plants, and materials for building their homes. Festivals are the main resources of recreation and entertainment in their community due to traditional activities. The community's major festivals include Maghi, Jitya, and Chhat. Besides these, Tharus also celebrate the common festivals performed by other Nepali people, like Dashain, New Year, and Fagu Purnima.
Due to the presence of tigers, this jungle safari at bardia national park is the most unique ever. The most well-known national park for tiger-spotting activities worldwide has become Bardiya National Park in recent years. A wide range of wildlife species can be observed during the jungle safari in Bardia National Park. Furthermore, this protected area is an incredible source of wildlife research and education. The river system in its territory, especially the Karnali river, is another major attraction to witness.
Bardia National Park offers the chance to take an open-air jeep far into the jungle, where you can witness a wide variety of species. You will move around the national park during this journey in search of some of your target species. In jeep safari at bardia national park the driver will stop the vehicle numerous times, and you will then walk to look for wild creatures while venturing further into the jungle without the noise of the jeep. Additionally, you will have the opportunity to ascend the Machan Tower in the jungle to view the neighbouring wild creatures.
Getting to the rivers around Bardiya is a favourite day trip for many visitors. Exploring the jungle while surfing on the boat ride by the locals enables you to witness the incredible aquatic species and the peaceful atmosphere of Bardia itself. The Karnali River is used for rafting at Bardia. The best way to see the park's abundant animals is to go on a full-day rafting trip. Animal possibilities occasionally come upon people.
One of the top places in Nepal to go on bird watching tour is Bardiya National Park. A variety of migratory and resident bird species may be seen here, making bird watching a really impressive hobby. The most famous birds like crows, myna, doves, vultures, cranes, kingfishers, sparrows, parrots, eagles, hummingbirds, kites, Cookoo, egrets, black ibis, warblers, ducks, francolins, hornbills, and many others can be witnessed in the protected area.
Tools still in use by the Tharu people in Bardiya are displayed in a traditional Tharu home at the Tharu museum. In Nepal, the Tharu people are a minority ethnic group with their own culture and language. While you can view some traditional artefacts in the museum up close, exploring the villages close to Bardiya National Park will give you a much better sense of rural Tharu life. The primary goal of opening this museum was to preserve indigenous Tharu cultural heritage, which is rapidly disappearing.
Leaving the hustle and bustle of daily life, it is better to go on a nature trip around isolated parts of the country. As the tour and hike have become a part of life for many people to escape daily hangovers and find freedom in the remote, you too can join it. If you are planning a tour inside Nepal, a safe, comfortable tour can be Bardia National Park Safari. It is budget-friendly. Visit the place with your family or friends.
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