Mt. Makalu Base Camp is covered by Makalu Barun National Park, this magnificent natural beauty is one of Nepal's most isolated and biologically diverse national parks. This area, which is 1500 square kilometers in size and spans the Nepalese districts of Solukhumbu and Sankhuwasabha,
Makalu-Barun National Park and Buffer Zone in Nepal, which spans 1500 and 830 sq km and has an elevation rise of 8,000 m, is the only protected area on earth. It features everything from tropical woods along the Arun River to frigid alpine tops. The fifth-highest mountain in the world and the fourth-highest in Nepal, Mt. Makalu (8,463m), can be seen in the skyline. Mounts Baruntse (7,319 m), Mt. Chamlang (7,129m). Nepal is renowned as the highest hill due of Mera Peak (6,654m).
Trekking in the Makalu Barun National Park begins in Kathmandu and concludes at Yangle Kharka. The trip gives stunning views of the local landscape. It is strange to see wild animals up close and in their natural environment. The area is home to nearly 600 different wildlife species, including red pandas and snow leopards. Mountain eagles, vultures, and falcons can easily be seen circling the valleys in Makalu Barun National Park, which offers chances for bird-watching.
At elevations ranging from 400 meters (1,300 feet) to 5,000 meters, the Makalu Barun National Park displays a wide variety of forest types where delicate wildflowers, aromatic herbs, and dwarf juniper rhododendron, thrive. The area is mostly made up of rock and ice and has no vegetation above 5,000 meters (16,000 feet).
3,128 species of blooming plants were identified by botanists, including 25 of Nepal's 30 rhododendron variants, 48 primroses, 47 orchids, 19 bamboos, 15 oaks, 86 fodder trees, and 67 fragrant and medicinal plants with high economic value.
Many different species have habitats in the Makalu Barun National Park region. There are 43 different types of reptiles, 16 different amphibian species, and 315 different butterfly species. 440 bird species, including eagles and other raptors, white-necked storks, and beautifully colored sunbirds, live in the numerous ponds, lakes, and rivers. There are also 78 kinds of fish that call these bodies of water home. The Blyth's kingfisher, deep-blue kingfisher, blue-naped pitta, pale blue flycatcher, sultan tit, silver-eared mesia, spiny babbler, and white-naped yuhina are just a few of the 16 rare or protected bird species.
Included among the 88 species of wildlife are the snow leopard, Indian leopard, clouded leopard, jungle cat, leopard cat, golden jackal, Himalayan wolf, red fox, red panda, black bear, Hanuman langur, Assam macaque, Himalayan tahr, Himalayan goral, muntjac, musk deer, barking deer, Himalayan serow, wild boar, flying squirrel, otters
An entry charge of INR 100 per person is required of residents of SAARC nations, which include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, the Maldives, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The entrance cost for other foreign nationals is INR 1000 per person.
The headquarters of the Tha Makalu-Barun National Park and Buffer Zone is at Murmidanda. Seduwa. Kerosene is sold to all trekking groups, including the porters, via a kerosene depot at the Makalu Tourism Association and by individual lodgers in Tashingaou. Kerosene stoves and blankets for porters are rented from the Makalu Tourism Association.
Seven campsites have also been authorized for tourists (Khongma 3500 m, Dobato 3500 m, Yangle 3570 m, Neghe 3700 m, Langmale 4100 m, and Shershong 4600 m).
The majority of trails are fairly rocky and can turn dangerously slick after rain or freezing temperatures. Winter snows usually continue to accumulate on the passes and high-altitude paths leading toward Shershong until April or May. The route between Mumbuk and Yangle Kharka, a region of unstable and deadly Rock fall, is one particularly dangerous area. Trekkers in this area should proceed swiftly and keep an eye out for falling rocks. If height is gained quickly without sufficient acclimatization, mountain sickness can also be a major risk.
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