A number of places in Nepal, recognized by UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific Cultural Organisation) as World Heritage Sites are the main attraction of this package. Nepal World Heritage Sites Tour combines sightseeing around the ancient establishments of Nepal along with a wild and fun-packed jungle safari.
The third-largest province in Nepal is Lumbini, which is also the location of several notable monasteries and the birthplace of Lord Buddha. The sacred pilgrimage spot of Lumbini in the Rupandehi District inspired the province's name. A UNESCO world heritage site is Lumbini. In 245 B.C., Indian Maurya Emperor Ashoka paid a visit to Lumbini and built a pillar to mark the holy location of the Lord's first step after birth. Fa Hien and Hueng Tang, two well-known Chinese pilgrims who travelled to the location in the fifth and seventh centuries, respectively, recorded their experiences there in their journey diaries. The primary temple bears Maya Devi, the mother of the Buddha. A sizable number of Buddhist pilgrims go from all over the world to Lumbini to pray at the Maya Devi Temple, where excavations uncovered the "marker stone" indicating the precise location of Siddhartha Gautam Buddha's birth. Countries including China, India, Japan, Mongolia, Myanmar, South Korea, Sri Lanka, and Thailand have constructed numerous stupas, monasteries, temples, and resting places in recognition of the importance of Lumbini.
Accessibility: Bhairahawa, a sizable industrial city bordering India, is 22 kilometres from Lumbini. From Bhairahawa to Lumbini, there are frequent buses. At Bhairahawa, taxis are available. The capital Kathmandu is easily accessible by plane from Bhairahawa.
Chitwan National Park is located in inner Terai's subtropical lowlands, which span 952.63 square kilometres in south-central Nepal. The late King Mahendra declared the Tikauli forest, which covers 175 square kilometres and stretches from the Rapti River to the foothills of the Mahabharat, to be Mahendra Mriga Kunj (Mahendra Deer Park) in 1959. The region south of the Rapti River was designated as a rhinoceros refuge in 1963. In 1973, the region was designated as the first national park in the nation in recognition of its distinctive ecosystems of global importance. In 1996, a 750 sq. km. area surrounding the park was designated as a buffer zone. This region consists of forests and privately owned property, including agricultural land. In 1984, UNESCO designated RCNP as a World Heritage Site. The Churia hills, Ox-bow lakes, and flood plains of the Rapti, Reu, and Narayani Rivers are only a few of the park's many ecosystems. From 150 meters to more than 800 meters, the Churia hills gradually climb in the direction of the east. The lower but rougher Someshwor hill makes up the park's western section. The Parsa Wildlife Reserve and the park share a border to the east.
Fascinating details on wildlife and the conservation effort are presented in the exhibition at the Sauraha tourist centre. An opportunity to view the threatened Bengal tiger and one-horned rhinoceros up close is provided by an elephant safari. Sauraha Elephant Breeding Center provides information on captive elephants and the calves that are born there.
The most revered Hindu temple in Nepal is Pashupatinath Temple, which is located on the banks of the sacred River Bagmati. Only Hindus are allowed inside the main temple complex; everyone else must be content with viewing it from the terraces to the east, close across the Bagmati River. All leather objects, including shoes, belts, and cameras, are prohibited inside the temple grounds and must be left outside as a sign of respect and tradition. It is highly forbidden to take pictures.
The most significant event celebrated here is Shivaratri, also known as "the Night of Lord Shiva" or "the Night of Shiva's Self-Origins," when worshippers and pilgrims from all over Nepal and India, including sadhus (barely clothed holy men with long locks of hair and coated in ashes) and ascetics, throng the temple to get a view of the precious Shiva lingam. In mid-September, during Teej (a festival that is only commemorated by Hindu women), devotees flock to the temple in great numbers. Women dressed in bridal red sarees and yellow or green bead necklaces pray for their husbands' happiness, prosperity, and longevity as the entire temple complex and the surrounding environs turn into a sea of red.
Every two weeks on Ekadashi, the 11th day of the lunar month, the temple is just as busy with worshippers. The two most notable and sacred Ekadashis are the Harishayani Ekadashi in Ashadh (June/July) and the Haribodhini Ekadashi in Kartik (October/November) four months later.
Monkeys abound and deer are raised in captivity in the sacred Slash Mantak forest, which surrounds the location. According to the Swasthani Brata Katha, these animals are revered as Lord Shiva's animal form.
The Swaymbhunath hilltop, located northwest of the Kathmandu Valley, is a peaceful place to pray. Since the 1970s, visitors have referred to it as "Monkey Temple" because the name is difficult to pronounce. Visitors may see the entirety of the city from Swayambhu, which dominates much of the valley. With the inclusion of Hindu temples and deities on this Buddhist site, the stupa has served as a symbol of faith and unity for millennia. It is supposed that this is where the splendour of the Kathmandu Valley began.
Swayambhu, one of Nepal's most revered Buddhist stupas, is perched on a hill 3 kilometres to the west of Kathmandu. When the valley was carved out of a prehistoric lake more than 2,000 years ago, it is claimed to have formed spontaneously. This stupa, the first of its sort in Nepal, is surrounded by numerous temples and monasteries.
In its original form, Swayambhu means "self-existent one." It was constructed by King Manadeva in 460 A.D. and by the 13th century had grown to be a significant Buddhist hub. The Kathmandu Valley previously included a lake, and according to legend, Swayambhu was created from a lotus flower that bloomed in the middle of that lake. On a tall pedestal, the largest statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Nepal may be found next to the Ring Road on Swayambhu's western edge. Manjusri or Saraswati, the Goddess of wisdom, is honoured at a temple hidden behind the mountaintop. The stupa complex is crowded with chaityas, statues, and shrines dedicated to Hindu and Buddhist deities. Prayer wheels and deities are almost completely encircling the base of the hill. At all times, devotees can be seen walking around the stupa.
A significant hurdle is climbing the extremely steep stone steps that go up to the shrine. Although it is only a short walk away, there is also a motorway that ascends almost to the summit. Every day, a sizable number of Buddhists and Hindus equally attend Swayambhu. The best location in Nepal to see religious harmony is probably at this shrine. The biggest crowds are witnessed here on Buddha's birthday, which is typically in May each year.
There are some significant monuments nearby.
The enormous Vajra "thunderbolt," made of gold plating, is positioned on the stupa's east side.
The Buddha statue is located on Swayambhu's western side.
The Sleeping Buddha.
One of Kathmandu's most imposing monuments, Boudha Stupa, is located 8 kilometres to the east of the city's centre and is visible as soon as a plane lands at Tribhuvan International Airport. It is the focal point of Himalayan Buddhism and the biggest stupa in the Kathmandu Valley.
Basantapur Durbar and Hanuman Dhoka are additional names for Kathmandu Durbar Square, which is a historic durbar square in the heart of Kathmandu. Basantapur, located in the centre of historic Kathmandu, never fails to dazzle first-timers with its beautiful wood carvings and extensive past. The Licchavi period (fourth to eighth centuries AD) saw the construction of Hanuman Dhoka, and King Pratap Malla significantly expanded the area in the seventeenth century. The square is home to a number of palaces, courtyards, and temples, which are among the area's oldest buildings. Due to the nearly 50 temples that can be found in the area, it is often referred to as "the Museum of Temples." In the courtyards surrounding Gaddi Baithak, you may find handicraft shops where you can observe a range of lovely buyable handicrafts.
The temple dedicated to Taleju Bhawani, the area's namesake deity, is one of the 50 temples nearby. The Durbar is divided into two courtyards: the inner half contains Hanuman Dhoka and the main palace, and the outer section includes Kasthamandap, Kumari Ghar, and Shiva-Parvati Temple. Three generations of Shah monarchs of Nepal are honoured in museums on several of the floors. The majority of the palace grounds are accessible to visitors seven days a week.
TALEJU TEMPLE: The Taleju Temple is the highest building in existence built-in 1549 AD by King Mahendra Malla. During the Dashain festival, this temple is accessible to the public for one day each year.
KUMARI TEMPLE: The 17th-century Kumari Temple, also known as the Temple of the Living Goddess, is a prime example of Nepali workmanship at its pinnacle. This is Living Goddess Kumari of Kathmandu's official abode. During designated times, guests can receive a glimpse of the animate goddess and ask for favours.
KAL BHAIRAB: The Kal Bhairav is one of the largest 17th-century stone statues in Kathmandu, representing the terrifying aspect of Lord Shiva.
Like its counterpart in Kathmandu, Patan Durbar Square is situated in the centre of the city and was formerly the residence of the kings of Patan. The plaza is a charming mingling of palace structures, creative courtyards, and elegant pagoda temples - a demonstration of Newari architecture that had achieved its zenith during the reign of the Malla monarchs. The rebuilt Keshav Narayan Chowk contains a bronze artefact museum housed within one of its many courtyards. The Sundari Chowk, home to Tusha Hiti's submerged bath, is a display of fine wood carvings as well as stone and metal sculptures.
The beautiful Krishna Temple, which was constructed in 1637 and features 21 gilded spires, and the Manga Hiti, a subterranean stone water spout located inside the palace complex, are only two instances of its splendour. The Krishna Temple, which was constructed completely of stone, is said to be Nepal's first example of Shikhara-style architecture.
MAHABOUDDHA: The magnificent Buddhist monument known as Mahabouddha, a work of excellent terra cotta craftsmanship, is located to the east of Patan Durbar Square. Thousands of pictures of Lord Buddha are etched on this architectural wonder from the 14th century.
ASHOKA STUPAS: The four stupas that stand at Patan's four corners are thought to have been erected around 250 BC by the Indian emperor Ashoka. They are located, successively, in Pulchowk, Lagankhel, Ibahi, and Teta (route to Sano Gaon). They were constructed while Buddhism was thriving in the Kathmandu Valley.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a classy, open area with a southern orientation that is surrounded by structures that range in date from the 13th to the 18th centuries. This palace plaza has been enhanced by the presence of the Golden Gate, a masterpiece of repoussé art, and the Palace with 55 Carved Windows, or Pachpanna Jhyale Durbar, built in the fifteenth century. When art and architecture flourished in the three cities of the valley during the Malla dynasty, it was reflected in the spectacular Durbar Square and its outstanding monuments.
Numerous temples and impressive architectural structures, such as the Lion Gate, the King Bhupatindra Malla statue perched atop a massive stone pillar, and the Batsala Temple, can be seen in front of the palace. An exquisite example of Shikhara-style architecture, the stone temple of Batsala Devi is covered with delicate carvings. A bronze bell that is also referred to as the Bell of Barking Dogs is located on the temple's terrace. It was built by King Ranjit Malla in 1737, and its ringing signalled the start and conclusion of a daily curfew.
The Nyatapola Temple, which stands above the city's environment as a magnificent landmark and is a distinctive temple in Bhaktapur, is named after the number five. It also holds the distinction of having survived the 1933 earthquake, which caused immense damage. The temple, dedicated to a Tantric goddess, is surrounded by stone carvings of gods and creatures from mythology, each 10 times more potent than the one below it. The stairs going up to the temple are flanked by these carvings.
Changu Narayan Temple is one of the earliest examples of pagoda buildings in the valley and is dedicated to the Hindu deity Vishnu. Exquisite wood and stone sculptures adorn the temple from the Licchavi era.
Owing to its rich adornment of nature the park was declared a UNESCO Natural Heritage Site in 1984. The park includes in its area a part of the Churiya Hills and is covered with deciduous forests overlooking the floodplains of Narayani, Rapti and Reu rivers. There are around 600 plant species, 50 mammals, 526 birds and 49 amphibians, and reptiles found in the park. The highlights, of course, are the 500 Asian one-horned rhinoceros and some 100 nocturnal Royal Bengal tigers which live in the dense forests of the park. Sharing home with these are other animals such as the Rhesus Monkey, Gray Langur, Deer, Leopards, White Stockinged Gaur, and Wild Boar. (Overnight at deluxe hotel on full board basis)
This will take place in Chitwan National park and include an exciting Elephant Safari, a Canoeing adventure, a mysterious Jungle walk, a visit to the Elephant breeding centre and a visit to a Tharu village for an interesting cultural experience. (Overnight at deluxe hotel on full board basis)
We will drive to the birthplace of Lord Buddha, the apostle of peace and compassion. This is a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists as well as a place of reverence for peace lovers of any religious faith throughout the world. In Lumbini, the central attraction is the sacred garden with the Maya Devi temple depicting the birth of Lord Buddha, the Ashoka Pillar pinpointing the birthplace of Buddha, and the Shakya Tank, where Maya Devi, the mother of Lord Buddha, is said to have taken a dip before bringing forth the baby, Lord Buddha. Around this holy site, there are remnants of Monasteries and Chaityas built over the centuries following Buddha's birth in 632 BC. (Overnight at deluxe hotel on BB basis)
We will drive 25kms to the west to visit the ancient capital of Kapilvastu, the Kingdom of the Sakya Dynasty in which Lord Buddha was born. During the afternoon we will tour the Monastery Zone where you will see an amazing variety of monasteries built and maintained by Buddhist monks from many countries around the world. You will also explore the Lumbini Village before staying (Overnight at a deluxe hotel on a BB basis)
Fly to Kathmandu Continue the World Heritage tour to Changunarayan and Bhaktapur. Changunarayan is the most ancient Hindu temple in Kathmandu. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Bishnu. Bhaktapur has a medieval charm and visitors to this ancient town are treated to a myriad of insights into the cultural and artistic achievements of this area. (Overnight at deluxe hotel on BB basis)
Early in the morning, we will drive you to the Domestic airport to board the Everest Experience Flight. This is the easiest and quickest way to get a close-up view of Mt. Everest and the surrounding Himalayan Mountain range. You will experience a panoramic and close up view of Shisha Pangma, Dorje Lakpa, Gauri-Shanker, Melungtse, Numbur, Cho-Oyu, Pumori, Nuptse, Lhotse, and Makalu. Ama Dablam, Thamserku, Kanchenjunga and even glimpses of the Tibetan Plateau are also visible during this exciting flight. (Overnight at deluxe hotel on BB basis)
The ancient city of Patan lying 5km southeast of Kathmandu is known as the city of fine arts. The city is full of Hindus temples and Buddhist monuments. Swoyambhunath temple is one of the world's most enchanting and oldest Buddhist Stupas. It is said to be more than 2000 years old. It provides excellent views of the Kathmandu valley, and the city of Kathmandu, nestled far below. (Overnight at deluxe hotel on BB basis)
Buddha was born in Nepal.
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