Name: Parsa National Park Established.: 1984, Area (sq. km): 627.39 Buffer Zone (sq. km): 285.30
The Parsa National Park is situated in Nepal's southern lowland Terai region. On its 637.37 sq. km of land, there is an unspoiled subtropical jungle. The country's Rana Rulers used to have vacationed here in the past. To protect the habitat of wild Asian elephants and several other creatures, it was declared a wildlife reserve in 1984. In the west, it shares a border with Chitwan National Park. It was designated as a national park in 2017.
It's simple to get to the park. The entry gate is along the highway connecting Kathmandu, Hetauda, and Birgunj. You may go by bus from Kathmandu. The journey there takes six to seven hours. Simara may be reached by plane in about 20 minutes. To get to the park headquarters, take a 15-minute bus journey.
Features: The hills have a very rocky surface with many gullies and dry streambeds. Water runs underground and emerges at a distance of around 15 kilometers from the base of the foothills due to the foothills' high porosity. East to west, the Churia hills rise between 750 and 950 meters.
Winter (October-December) provides pleasant temperatures with clear skies. Nighttime temperatures can drop to 0°C. During spring (January-March) temperatures rise and water becomes scarce. During summer (April-June) the days become hot and humid with temperatures rising up to -40°C. Monsoon (July-September) brings cooling rains.
Tropical and subtropical species make up the majority of the woods. An estimated 90% of the reserve's vegetation is made up of sal woods. Riverine woods with species like the Silk cotton tree and the Khair are found along the banks of the rivers. Sal and Pinewoods may be found in the reserve's northeastern region at higher altitudes. The woodlands are dominated by pine on the southern slope of the Siwalik hills. Sabai grass, a plant with significant commercial value, thrives on the southern face of the Churia hills. Several endangered species, including the wild Asian elephant, Royal Bengal tiger, sloth bear, and leopard, have healthy populations in the reserve. Additional species include the blue bull, sambar, chital, hog deer, barking deer, langur, rhesus macaques, striped hyena, jungle cat, and palm civet are also found in the reserve.
More than 500 different bird species have habitats in the reserve. White-breasted kingfishers, Paradise flycatchers, Large racquet-tailed drongos, Golden-backed woodpeckers, etc. are a few examples of common views. In some pockets of woodland, one of the endangered bird species, the giant hornbill, may be found. The reserve is renowned for its variety of reptiles, including snakes like the common cobra, common and banded krait, python, and king cobra.
The headquarters include a modest four-room guesthouse accommodation. There is a teahouse nearby that serves Nepali cuisine, tea, and snacks. The bus ride between Hetauda and Birgunj takes roughly an hour. Make sure you have a first aid kit with medications for digestive issues.
A wonderful opportunity to see various birds, deer, and leopards is provided by a machan (view tower) that is close to the headquarters. Wild elephants may also be seen in the Machans. On top of a hill, there is a place of worship called Kailas Bhata. It has two modest temples (Dugdeswor Mahadev) where Shiva and Parbati, two Hindu deities, are honored. From here, one can also see the Terai's verdant woodlands.
Personal costs and a bar tab (alcoholic drinks, mineral water etc.)
Note: The Cost Includes and Excludes part in the itinerary may help you better understand how the trip is planned. We will get back to you with the actual cost of the trip as soon as you let us know the number of interested travellers and the departure date.
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